Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemical Engineering <p><em>Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemical Engineering (ISSN: 2583-2441) </em>is an international open access peer reviewed journal which provides an advanced forum for studies that reflect the breadth and interdisciplinarity of agriculture. It publishes surveys papers, regular research papers and brief communications. Our aim is to encouraging the scientists and researchers to publish their experimental and theoretical results more detail as conceivable. Consequently, there's no confinement on the length of the papers. The complete exploratory points of interest must be given so that the results can be reproduced.</p> <p>Journal title : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemical Engineering<br />Abbreviated: J. Agricultural and Food Chem. Eng.<br />ISSN (Online): 2583-2441<br />Year Started : 2021<br />Frequency : Monthly (from August 2022)<br />Upcoming Issues:<strong> September</strong><br />Language : English<br />Review Process: Peer review<br />Any queries: <br />Note: official email communication from [user] only<br />Format of Publication : Online<br />Location : India<br />Publisher: Fuzzy Publication, India.<br /><br /></p> Fuzzy Publication en-US Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemical Engineering 2583-2441 Introduction of improved variety of cowpea at dadin kowa community of yamaltu-deba local government area of gombe state, Nigeria <p>The research was conducted during the 2021 rainy season at Yamaltu-Deba Local Government Area of Gombe State. The project focused on Dadin Kowa community in an attempt to introduce IITA99K-573-1-1, an improved variety of cowpea (with early maturity, diseased resistance and high yielding I.e. IITA99K-573-1-1) so as to boost the income earning capacity and improve the economic development as well as food security of Yamaltu-Deba Local Government area of Gombe State. The Nation. Four farmers group were used for this research which included Hinna grain proccessors, Dakun, Jangargare and Dadin Kowa multipurpose cooperative societies. Demonstration plot was established and improved agronomic practices were demonstrated. Comparisonsm between the improved (IITA99K-573-1-1) and local variety (Knannado) was made. The cost of production of improved variety was ₦35,700 producing yield of ₦ 90,000 (450kg) at harvest period, while that of local variety was ₦24,100 producing yield of ₦32,000 (200kg). The gross margin of improved variety was ₦54,300, while that of local variety was ₦7,900. The farmers' perceptions (100%) of improved variety was higher than that of the local variety this is because, the gross margin of improved variety was positive, indicating higher profit margin, for the same size of plot devoted.</p> Yakubu Sadiq Abubakar Gadzama N. S Mshelia Kauna Copyright (c) 2022 Yakubu Sadiq Abubakar; Gadzama N.S, Mshelia K 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 1 7 Scanning Electron Microscopic observation of mycelium and Sclerotium of stem rot of groundnut causing Sclerotium rolfsii <p><em>Sclerotium rolfsii</em> was affect the many crops including wild and cultivated crops and make the destructive yield losses. It producing resting structure (sclerotia) survive in the soil upto 14 years. Which producing mycelium colonized on the any plant part which attached to the soil and disintegrate the tissues followed by reduce the economic quality of crops. These pathogens produce the mustard shape brown colour sclerotia and hyaline septate mycelium, which characters varied based on the isolates where collected. This septate mycelium penetrates the stem region, these penetrated mycelium stem region were observed on the Scanning Electron Microscope. Which sclerotia and mycelium also observed on the SEM.</p> Ayyandurai M Akila R Mareeswari P Manonmani K Copyright (c) 2022 AYYANDURAI M, Akila R, Mareeswari P, Manonmani K 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 8 10 Attacus Atlas Linnaeus, 1758 (Saturniidae): A New Distribution Recorded from Coimbatore District, South India <p>The genus Attacus Linnaeus belongs to the Saturniidae family and is only found in India. Adults of this genus include largest moths. In India an atlas is reared for silk on a small scale in North Eastern States of India. Attacus atlas is one of the largest Saturniid which is common in Western Ghats region in Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu state, India. In this paper deals with distribution, threats and conservation measures.</p> Selvaraj Selvamurugan N Santhanabharathi Copyright (c) 2022 selvaraj selvamurugan, N Santhanabharathi 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 11 15 Record of Beaked Worm Snake (Grypotyphlopsacutus) at Ariyalur District, Tamilnadu State, India <p>The Scolecophidia indicate an early divergence in the snake lineages that exist today. Due to their burrowing behavior, small size, and absence of risk to humans, they are of little human interest as a group. The beaked worm snake, sometimes known as a beaked blind snake, is the largest blind snake in south Asia. Grypotyphlopsacutus, also known as the beaked worm snake, is a harmless blind snake species endemic to peninsular India. Report of beaked worm-snake Gryptotyphlopsacutus from vetriyur village, ariyalur district, tamilnadu state India. In this report discussed about the species and their distributions.</p> Selvaraj Selvamurugan Copyright (c) 2022 Selvaraj Selvamurugan 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 16 20 Effect of soil and land characteristics on the arable land of Breweries and Agricultural Research Company (BARC) farms, Zalaki, Bassa Local Government Area of Plateau State, North Central Nigeria <p>Soil Erosion and nutrient depletion are major threats to food security and the sustainability of agricultural production in sub-Sahara Africa. The problem of soil erosion, especially in the rocky terrain of Jos-Plateau is enormous due to high altitude. Estimating soil loss and identifying hotspot areas support combating soil degradation. Soil loss parameters for the study area were computed using USLE model in the Breweries and Agricultural Research Company, (BARC) farms in Central Nigeria. The annual rainfall was used to calculate the rainfall erosivity factor, soil data was used to calculate the erodibility factor, remote sensing topographic data was used to generate the slope length and gradient factors, and cover crop and conservation practice factors were obtained from available soil details nomographs. Finally, the parameters were integrated with tools to estimate soil loss rate of the study area. Mean annual soil loss rates were estimated to be between 4.2 to 5.09 t ha-1 yr-1 on the three catchments which were separated based on slopes steepness. The total annual soil loss was determined to be 16603.58 tons from the watershed and the annual soil loss rate of the study area was 5.09 t ha-1 yr-1. Although this could be said to be below tolerable soil loss rate of 11 t ha-1 yr-1, the scenario and the circumstances around the study area indicates the figures are dangerous to the food production if conservation practice is not improved. Desert encroachment, climate change, overgrazing and other vices shoed the severity of erosion which required immediate action of soil and water conservation.</p> Durotimi John Quenan G Gasana Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Durotimi John, Quenan G Gasana 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 21 27 Development of a Motorized Groundnut Roasting Machine <p>A motorized groundnut roasting machine was designed to ease the drudgery operations encountered by small and medium scale groundnut oil processors during roasting of shelled groundnut. The machine basically consists of a roasting chamber, a heating chamber, and a blower chamber and power transmission unit with an electric motor. A shaft carrying three set of paddles for stirring of groundnut seeds is situated inside a cylindrical shaped drum. An electrical axial fan was incorporated in the blower chamber to supply air to the burning charcoal in order to maintain even distribution of heat in the roasting chamber. The roaster was evaluated to determine the machine output capacity using shelled groundnut seeds as test crop. Collected data were analyzed using Statistical Analysis Software. The effects of variation of the independent factors were verified using Analysis of variance (ANOVA) at 1% and 5% levels of significant. Mean separation was carried out on significant factors using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results obtained indicate that the machine output capacity was in the range of 58.8 to 130.2 kg/hr.</p> Ogijo S I Okaiyeto S A Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 28 34 The Production of Jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) as Influenced by spacing and Organic fertilizer Grown in Gombe and Benue state, Nigeria <p>The experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of residuals species on the growth and yield of jute grown at Gombe and Makurdi during the 2020 Rainy Season. The treatments used were Spacing (5, 10 and 15cm), Organic source (Poultry dropping, Cow dung, NPK and control) was used. The experiment is a 3 by 4 experiment laid in a randomized complete block design with three replications. During the investigation, some physiological variables, such as growth, plant height, the number of leaves, number of branches, 1st flower initiation, and 50% flowering were measured. Other characters like number of calyx shoot weight; calyx weight, number of pod, number of seeds per pod and 100 seed weight were also recorded. The results of the investigation revealed that sorrel generally responded to both spacing and nutrient source. All the parameters studies have significantly (P ≤ 0.05) responded to spacing 15cm, where it was observed to perform higher in both growth character such as plant height (129.11), the number of leaves (109.01) and the number calyx (8.11), number of seed per calyx (18.11) and calyx weight (102.12) number of pod (21.12), 100 seed weight (4.41) and shoot weight (2891.01). On nutrient source NPK was superior in both growth and yield related character followed by poultry droppings such as, as plant height (139.01), the number of leaves (99.01) and the number calyx (5.12), number of seed per calyx (19.12) and calyx weight (112.12) number of pod (22.12), 100 seed weight (5.01) and shoot weight (30129.96). Jute grown in Benue outgrows those cultivated in Gombe in both growth and yield-related character. Based on the results obtained it can be suggested that the use spacing 15cm and NPK fertilizer and poultry dropping which is second to NPK fertilizers in both growth and yield characters for less privilege farmers will lead to optimum yield in jute cultivation in the study areas.</p> Madina P Nyam M T Esang D M Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-26 2022-06-26 2 2 35 45